Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Share-Based Compensation and Other Benefit Plans

v3.20.1
Share-Based Compensation and Other Benefit Plans
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Share-Based Compensation and Other Benefit Plans
Share-Based Compensation and Other Benefit Plans
Share-Based Compensation
We recognize share-based compensation expense related to our share-based compensation plans as a component of G&A expenses in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
We reserved a total of 1,424,600 shares of common stock for issuance under the Penn Virginia Corporation Management Incentive Plan for share-based compensation awards. A total of 584,497 RSUs and 201,491 performance-based restricted stock units (“PRSUs”) have been granted to employees and directors as of March 31, 2020.
We recognized $0.9 million and $1.0 million of expense attributable to the RSUs and PRSUs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
A total of 223,882 RSUs were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2020 with an average grant-date fair value of $2.78. No equity awards were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The RSUs are being charged to expense on a straight-line basis over a range of two to five years. In the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, 22,321 and 24,657 shares were issued upon vesting/settlement of equity awards, net of shares withheld for income taxes, respectively.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, 87,899 PRSUs were granted. No PRSUs were granted during the three months ended March 31, 2019. PRSUs were granted collectively in two to three separate tranches with individual three-year performance periods beginning in January 2017, 2018 and 2019, respectively for the pre-2019 grants. For the 2019 and 2020 grants, the performance period is 2020 through 2022. Vesting of the PRSUs can range from zero to 200 percent of the original grant based on the performance of our common stock relative to an industry index or, for the 2019 and 2020 grants, a defined peer group. Due to their market condition, the PRSUs are being charged to expense using graded vesting over a maximum of five years. The fair value of each PRSU award was estimated on their applicable grant date using a Monte Carlo simulation with a range of $47.70 to $65.28 per PRSU for the 2017 grants, $34.02 per PRSU for the 2019 grants and $2.40 per PRSU for the 2020 grants.
The ranges for the assumptions used in the Monte Carlo model for the PRSUs granted during 2020, 2019 and 2017 are presented as follows:
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
2017
Expected volatility
 
101.32
%
 
49.9
%
 
59.63% to 62.18%
Dividend yield
 
0.0
%
 
0.0
%
 
0.0
%
Risk-free interest rate
 
0.51
%
 
1.66
%
 
1.44% to 1.51%
Other Benefit Plans
We maintain the Penn Virginia Corporation and Affiliated Companies Employees 401(k) Plan (the “401(k) Plan”), a defined contribution plan, which covers substantially all of our employees. We recognized $0.2 million of expense attributable to the 401(k) Plan for each of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The charges for the 401(k) Plan are recorded as a component of G&A expenses in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operation.
We maintain unqualified legacy defined benefit pension and defined benefit postretirement plans that cover a limited number of former employees, all of whom retired prior to 2000. The combined expense recognized with respect to these plans was less than $0.1 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The charges for these plans are recorded as a component of “Other income (expense)” in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operation.