Basis of Presentation
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation||
Basis of Presentation
Our unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Penn Virginia and all of our subsidiaries. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Preparation of these statements involves the use of estimates and judgments where appropriate. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation of our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, have been included. Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.
Adoption of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Effective January 1, 2020, we adopted and began applying the relevant guidance provided in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016–13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016–13”). We adopted ASU 2016–13 using the optional transition approach with a charge to the beginning balance of retained earnings as of January 1, 2020 (see Note 4 for the impact and disclosures associated with the adoption of ASU 2016–13). Comparative periods and related disclosures have not been restated for the application of ASU 2016–13.
Risks and Uncertainties
As an oil and gas exploration and development company, we are exposed to a number of risks and uncertainties that are inherent to our industry. In addition to such industry-specific risks, the global public health crisis associated with the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) has, and is anticipated to continue to have, an adverse effect on global economic activity for the immediate future and has resulted in travel restrictions, business closures and the institution of quarantining and other restrictions on movement in many communities. The slowdown in global economic activity attributable to COVID-19 has resulted in a dramatic decline in the demand for energy, which directly impacts our industry and the Company. In addition, global crude oil prices experienced a collapse starting in early March 2020 as a direct result of failed negotiations between the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) and Russia. In response to the global economic slowdown, OPEC had recommended a decrease in production levels in order to accommodate reduced demand. Russia rejected the recommendation of OPEC as a concession to U.S. producers. After the failure to reach an agreement, Saudi Arabia, a dominant member of OPEC, and other Persian Gulf OPEC members announced intentions to increase production and offer price discounts to buyers in certain geographic regions.
As the breadth of the COVID-19 health crisis expanded throughout the month of March 2020 and governmental authorities implemented more restrictive measures to limit person-to-person contact, global economic activity continued to decline commensurately. The associated impact on the energy industry has been adverse and continued to be exacerbated by the unresolved conflict regarding production. In the second week of April, OPEC, Russia and certain other petroleum producing nations (“OPEC+”), reconvened to discuss the matter of production cuts in light of unprecedented disruption and supply and demand imbalances that expanded since the failed negotiations in early March 2020. Tentative agreements were reached to cut production by up to 10 million barrels of oil per day with allocations to be made among the OPEC+ participants. If effected, these production cuts, however, may not offset near-term demand loss attributable to the COVID-19 health crisis and related economic slowdown, and the tentative agreement has not resulted in increased commodity prices.
Despite a significant decline in drilling by U.S. producers starting in mid-March 2020, domestic supply is exceeding demand which has led to significant operational stress with respect to capacity limitations associated with storage, pipeline and refining infrastructure, particularly within the Gulf Coast region. The combined effect of the aforementioned factors is anticipated to have an adverse impact on the industry in general and our operations specifically.
During March and April 2020, we initiated several actions to mitigate the anticipated adverse economic conditions for the immediate future and to support our financial position and liquidity. The more significant actions that we took in March/April 2020 included: (i) suspending our drilling and completion program, (ii) substantially expanding the scope and range of our commodity derivatives portfolio, (iii) initiating actions to pursue certain liquidity-related provisions of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) and related regulations. These actions are discussed further in Notes 5, 8 and 12 that follow.
Going Concern Presumption
Our unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and other commitments in the normal course of business.
Management has evaluated all of our activities through the issuance date of our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and has concluded that, with the exception of the re-determination of the borrowing base and related amendments to our credit agreement (“Credit Facility”), as disclosed in Note 7, no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements or disclosure in the Notes thereto.
The entire disclosure for the basis of accounting, or basis of presentation, used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef