Basis of Presentation
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Basis of Presentation [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation||
Comparability of Financial Statements to Prior Periods
As described in further detail in Note 4 below, we have adopted and applied the relevant guidance provided in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) with respect to the accounting and financial statement disclosures for entities that have emerged from bankruptcy proceedings (“Fresh Start Accounting”). Accordingly, our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes after September 12, 2016, are not comparable to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes through that date. To facilitate our financial statement presentations, we refer to the reorganized company in these Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes as the “Successor” for periods subsequent to September 12, 2016, and the “Predecessor” for periods prior to September 13, 2016. Furthermore, our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes have been presented with a “black line” division to delineate the lack of comparability between the Predecessor and Successor. In addition, we have adopted the full cost method of accounting for our oil and gas properties effective with our adoption of Fresh Start Accounting. Accordingly, our results of operations and financial position for the Successor periods will be substantially different from our historic trends.
We have applied the relevant guidance provided in GAAP with respect to the accounting and financial statement disclosures for entities that have filed petitions with the bankruptcy court and expect to reorganize as going concerns in preparing our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes through the period ended September 12, 2016, or Predecessor periods. That guidance requires that, for periods subsequent to our bankruptcy filing on May 12, 2016, or post-petition periods, certain transactions and events that were directly related to our reorganization be distinguished from our normal business operations. Accordingly, certain revenues, expenses, realized gains and losses and provisions that were realized or incurred in connection with the bankruptcy proceedings have been included in “Reorganization items, net” in our Consolidated Statement of Operations for the period ended September 12, 2016. In addition, certain liabilities and other obligations incurred prior to May 12, 2016, or pre-petition periods, have been classified in “Liabilities subject to compromise” on our Predecessor Consolidated Balance Sheet through September 12, 2016. Further detail for our “Reorganization items, net” and “Liabilities subject to compromise” are provided in Note 4 below.
Going Concern Presumption
Our Consolidated Financial Statements for the Successor periods have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and other commitments in the normal course of business.
Management has evaluated all of our activities through the issuance date of our Consolidated Financial Statements and has concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in our Consolidated Financial Statements or disclosure in the Notes thereto.
Adoption of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted and began applying the relevant guidance provided in Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017–07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (“ASU 2017–07”). ASU 2017–07 requires employers to disaggregate the service cost component from the other components of net periodic benefit cost. The service cost component of net periodic benefit cost shall be reported in the same line item as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period, except for amounts capitalized. All other components of net periodic benefit cost shall be presented outside of a subtotal for income from operations. The line item used to present the components other than the service cost shall be disclosed if the other components are not presented in a separate line item or items. ASU 2017–07 is applicable to our legacy retiree benefit plans which cover a limited population of former employees. There is no service cost associated with these plans as they are not applicable to current employees, but rather there are interest and other costs associated with the legacy obligations. As required, ASU 2017–07 has been applied retrospectively to periods prior to 2018. Accordingly, the entirety of the expense associated with these plans, which was less than $0.1 million, has been included as a component of the “Other income (expense)” caption in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for all periods presented. Prior to 2018, all costs associated with these plans were included in the “General and administrative” (“G&A”) expenses caption.
Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted and began applying the relevant guidance provided in ASU 2014–09, Revenues from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2014–09”) and related amendments to GAAP which, together with ASU 2014–09, represent Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenues from Contracts with Customers (“ASC Topic 606”). We adopted ASC Topic 606 using the cumulative effect transition method (see Note 6 for the impact and disclosures associated with the adoption of ASC Topic 606).
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Pending Adoption
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016–13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016–13”), which changes the recognition model for the impairment of financial instruments, including accounts receivable, loans and held-to-maturity debt securities, among others. ASU 2016–13 is required to be adopted using the modified retrospective method by January 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted for fiscal periods beginning after December 15, 2018. In contrast to current guidance, which considers current information and events and utilizes a probable threshold, (an “incurred loss” model), ASU 2016–13 mandates an “expected loss” model. The expected loss model: (i) estimates the risk of loss even when risk is remote, (ii) estimates losses over the contractual life, (iii) considers past events, current conditions and reasonable supported forecasts and (iv) has no recognition threshold. ASU 2016–13 will have applicability to our accounts receivable portfolio, particularly those receivables attributable to our joint interest partners which have a higher credit risk than those associated with our traditional customer receivables. At this time, we do not anticipate that the adoption of ASU 2016–13 will have a significant impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures; however, we are continuing to evaluate the requirements and the period for which we will adopt the standard as well as monitoring developments regarding ASU 2016–13 that are unique to our industry.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016–02, Leases (“ASU 2016–02”), which will require organizations that lease assets to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases with terms of more than twelve months. Together with recent related amendments to GAAP, ASU 2016–02 represents ASC Topic 842, Leases (“ASC Topic 842”) which supersedes all current GAAP with respect to leases. The recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. ASC Topic 842 also will require disclosures regarding the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The effective date of ASC Topic 842 is January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted.
ASC Topic 842 will be applicable to our existing leases for office facilities and certain office equipment, certain field equipment, land easements and similar arrangements for rights-of-way, certain gas gathering and gas lift assets and potentially to certain drilling rig contracts with terms in excess of 12 months, to the extent we may have such contracts in the future. We are finalizing our evaluation of the impact that the adoption may have on certain crude oil gathering arrangements.
We will adopt ASC Topic 842 effective January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective method with a cumulative effect charge to the beginning balance of retained earnings that is not anticipated to be material. We anticipate recognizing total right-of-use assets and lease of obligations of approximately $3 million, excluding any potential impact attributable to our crude oil gathering arrangements. All of the leases for which we are recognizing assets and liabilities will be classified as operating leases. We also have identified certain contractual arrangements that will be classified as variable leases. We plan to adopt certain practical expedients provided for in ASC Topic 842 including (i) those associated with the reassessment and classification of existing leases, (ii) land easements and (iii) an election to not separate lease and non-lease components. We also plan to make an accounting policy election, effective January 1, 2019, whereby any leases with terms of one year or less will be formally classified as short-term leases.
The entire disclosure for the business description and basis of presentation concepts. Business description describes the nature and type of organization including but not limited to organizational structure as may be applicable to holding companies, parent and subsidiary relationships, business divisions, business units, business segments, affiliates and information about significant ownership of the reporting entity. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef