Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

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Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. Congress enacted comprehensive tax legislation as part of the budget reconciliation act commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”). The TCJA makes broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, including but not limited to, (i) reducing the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%; (ii) allowing the immediate deduction of certain new investments in lieu of depreciation expense over time; (iii) creating a new limitation on deductible interest expense; (iv) changing rules related to use and limitations of net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards created in tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, and (v) repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax (“AMT”).
In connection with our initial analysis of the impact of the TCJA, our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2017 included a deferred tax asset of $4.9 million attributable to our AMT credit carryforwards that were previously fully reserved, but became realizable in connection with the AMT provisions of the TCJA. The deferred tax asset was reduced in connection with the 2018 income tax provisions as described below. We will continue to analyze the impacts of the TCJA on the Company and refine our estimates during the remainder of 2018.
We recognized a federal and state income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 at the blended rate of 21.6%; however, the federal and state tax expense was offset by an adjustment to the valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets along with an adjustment of $0.2 million to the deferred tax asset related to sequestration of a portion of the aforementioned AMT credit carryforward resulting in an effective tax rate of 0.6%. The effect of the adjustment was to reduce our deferred tax asset to $4.8 million as of September 30, 2018. We recognized a federal income tax expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 at the blended rate of 35.5% which was fully offset by a valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets. We considered both the positive and negative evidence in determining that it was more likely than not that some portion or all of our deferred tax assets will not be realized, primarily as a result of cumulative losses.
We had no liability for unrecognized tax benefits as of September 30, 2018. There were no interest and penalty charges recognized during the periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. Tax years from 2013 forward remain open for examination by the Internal Revenue Service and various state jurisdictions.