Exhibit 99.1

Penn Virginia Reports Second Quarter 2018 Results and Provides Operational Update

— Increased Production 39 Percent over First Quarter —

— Raises Area 2 North EUR —

HOUSTON, August 7, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Penn Virginia Corporation (“Penn Virginia” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ:PVAC) today announced its financial and operational results for the second quarter 2018.

Significant Operational and Financial Highlights

 

   

Produced 22,200 barrels of oil equivalent per day (“BOEPD”) (74% oil) for the second quarter of 2018, exceeding midpoint of production guidance;

 

   

Raised Area 2 North estimated ultimate recovery (“EUR”) by eight percent;

 

   

Improved direct operating expense guidance by approximately $1.00 per barrel of oil equivalent (“BOE”);

 

   

Completed the Company’s longest Extended Reach Lateral (“XRL”) drilled to date – the Hawn Holt 19H well with a lateral length of over 11,100 feet;

 

   

Closed the sale of the Company’s Oklahoma assets in July 2018, finalizing the Company’s transition to a pure-play Eagle Ford operator;

 

   

Recorded net loss of $2.5 million, or $0.17 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2018; Adjusted net income(1) was $37.4 million, or $2.46 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2018;

 

   

Generated Adjusted EBITDAX(2) of $75.7 million for second quarter of 2018;

 

   

Realized cash operating margin(3) per BOE of $43.39 for the second quarter of 2018 with an aggregate realized price of $55.02 per BOE and adjusted direct operating expenses(4) per BOE of $11.63; and

 

   

Achieved a new Company record low lease operating expense (“LOE”)—$4.32 per BOE for the second quarter of 2018.

Management Quote

“Our second quarter results represent another outstanding achievement for Penn Virginia,” said John A. Brooks, President and Chief Executive Officer of Penn Virginia. “We grew production 39 percent from the first quarter of 2018, posted record low LOE, recorded strong realized cash margins and increased quarterly Adjusted EBITDAX by approximately 50%.”

Mr. Brooks added, “Looking ahead toward the end of the year, we expect to grow production by an additional 30% over our second quarter 2018 production. Penn Virginia is well on its way to accomplishing our stated goal of growing production by more than 120% for 2018 after adjusting for our recent Oklahoma asset sale(6). Given our continued success in Area 2 North we are raising our EUR and redirecting our drilling to this high return area. Additionally, with our proven success in drilling longer laterals, we plan to spud 20 XRLs during the second half of the year. With this shift in drilling activity to Area 2 and the general higher cost environment facing the industry, we anticipate a higher capital program for 2018 of between $390 and $410 million. We still expect to spend within cash flow during the fourth quarter and generate a leverage ratio of 1.5x or lower by year-end. This will position us for a strong growth profile going into 2019.”


Second Quarter 2018 Operating Results

Total production in the second quarter of 2018 increased 39% from the first quarter of 2018, to approximately 2.0 million BOE, or 22,200 BOEPD (74% oil). Oil production grew 33% over first quarter of 2018 levels to 16,465 barrels of oil per day.

Penn Virginia drilled and turned to sales 20 gross (16.9 net) wells during the second quarter of 2018, all in the Eagle Ford. The Company currently has three rigs active with two completion spreads, one of which operates on a pad-by-pad basis.

The Company turned to sales seven pads in the second quarter of 2018, three of which were in Area 2. Descriptions of pads turned to sales in Area 2 are highlighted in the table below.

 

Pad Name

   Working
Interest
    30-Day IP
(BOEPD)
     Average Lateral
Length – Feet
     Percent
Oil
 

Schacherl-Effenberger – 2 wells

     71     2,117        6,050        89

Lott – 3 wells

     100     2,958        6,876        90

Medina – 3 wells

     100     3,827        6,135        65

The Company recently turned to sales the two-well Hawn Holt pad. This pad includes the Hawn Holt 19H which is the Company’s longest lateral drilled to date at over 11,100 feet.

In Area 2 North, optimized completions along with a conservative choke management protocol have improved early life well performance and the Company is increasing its Area 2 EURs by approximately 8%.

As of August 3, 2018, the Company had 97,900 gross (84,060 net) acres pro forma for the sale of the Company’s Oklahoma assets. Approximately 92% of Penn Virginia’s acreage is held by production. During the first six months of 2018, the Company has either leased or renewed approximately 3,788 gross (3,574 net) acres.

Second Quarter 2018 Financial Results

Direct operating expenses, which consist of LOE, gathering, processing and transportation (“GPT”) expenses, production and ad valorem taxes, and cash general and administrative (“G&A”) expenses, were $23.5 million, or $11.66 per BOE, in the second quarter of 2018, as compared to $19.6 million, or $13.52 per BOE, in the first quarter of 2018. Total G&A expenses for the second quarter of 2018 were $2.63 per BOE, which include $0.9 million of non-cash share-based compensation and $0.1 million associated with non-recurring transaction costs. For the second quarter of 2018, Adjusted cash G&A(5) which excludes those items was $2.17 per BOE, compared to $2.90 per BOE in the first quarter of 2018. Adjusted direct operating expenses(4) per BOE, excluding the aforementioned non-cash and non-recurring G&A items were $11.63 for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $13.05 per BOE in the previous quarter. For the second quarter 2018, LOE was $4.32 per BOE, a decrease of almost 14% from the first quarter of 2018.

Net loss for the second quarter of 2018 was $2.5 million, or $0.17 per diluted share, compared to net income of $10.3 million, or $0.68 per diluted share, in the first quarter of 2018. Adjusted net income(1) was $37.4 million, or $2.46 per diluted share in the second quarter of 2018, versus $22.3 million, or $1.48 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2018.


Adjusted EBITDAX(2) was $75.7 million in the second quarter of 2018, approximately 50% increase over first quarter 2018.

Hedging Update

Penn Virginia enters into oil hedges on a portion of its production to help mitigate commodity price risk.

The table below sets forth Penn Virginia’s current oil hedge positions:

 

     WTI – Oil
Volumes
(Barrels
Per Day)
     WTI – Average
Swap Price
($/barrel)
     LLS – Oil
Volumes
(Barrels
Per Day)
     LLS – Average
Swap Price
($/barrel)
     Percent of
Oil
Production

Hedged (6)
 

Q3-Q4 2018

     10,455      $ 57.05        6,000      $ 65.27        79

2019

     6,415      $ 54.48        5,000      $ 59.17        —    

2020

     6,000      $ 54.09        —          —          —    

Balance Sheet and Liquidity

During the second quarter of 2018, the Company incurred $125.0 million of capital expenditures (excluding acquisitions), of which 97% was associated with drilling and completion activities.

As of June 30, 2018, Penn Virginia had $243.5 million outstanding on its credit facility and liquidity of $107.2 million. As of August 4, 2018, the Company had outstanding borrowings of $267.5 million on its credit facility and liquidity of $81.1 million.

The Company is committed to maintaining financial discipline and a strong balance sheet with a targeted net debt to adjusted EBITDAX ratio of 1.5x or below. Penn Virginia believes it will achieve its leverage target by the end of 2018 and spend within cash flow by the fourth quarter of 2018. As of June 30, 2018, the Company’s net debt to adjusted EBITDAX ratio was approximately 2.2x, pro forma for acquisitions and divestitures.

2018 Capital Plans

Penn Virginia has increased its 2018 capital expenditures estimates to between $390 million and $410 million for 2018. Drilling and completion capital is estimated to be 96% of total capital expenditures. The revised capital plan provides for turning in line approximately 55 gross wells (47 net wells) in 2018. The Company will prioritize drilling in Area 2 and anticipates turning in line 35 wells in Area 2 and 20 wells in Area 1. This is 13 additional wells in Area 2 to be turned in line in 2018 compared with the original plan of development. The Company will also emphasize drilling XRLs with 20 wells planned for the second half of the year. The Company anticipates the average treatable lateral length per well will increase to more than 7,500 feet in the second half of 2018 from approximately 6,500 feet in the first half of 2018, an increase of approximately 15%. The benefits realized from the change in the plan of development and increase in the 2018 capital plan are expected to occur primarily in 2019.


Guidance

The table below sets forth the Company’s guidance for 2018 (pro forma for Oklahoma assets sale):

 

     Previous     

Current

(pro forma for
Oklahoma asset sale)

Production (BOEPD)

         % oil

Third Quarter

        23,500 –24,500      75%

Fourth Quarter

        28,500 – 30,500      75%

Full Year

     22,000 – 25,000        22,000 – 24,000      75%

Realized Price Differentials

        

Oil (off WTI, per barrel)

        $0.00 – $1.00     

Natural gas (off Henry Hub, per MMBtu)

        $0.10 – $0.20     

Direct Operating Expenses

        

Lease operating expense (per BOE)

     $4.50 – $5.00        $4.25 – $4.75     

GPT expense (per BOE)

     $2.75 – $3.00        $2.25 – $2.75     

Ad valorem and production taxes (percent of product revenue)

     5.5% – 6.0%        5.0% – 5.5%     

Cash G&A expense (per BOE)

        $2.00 – $2.50     

Capital Expenditures (millions)

     $320 – $360        $390 – $410     

Oklahoma Sale

On July 31, 2018, Penn Virginia closed the sale of the Company’s assets in Oklahoma to a third party for a base sales price of $6 million, subject to customary purchase price adjustments. Production related to the Oklahoma assets in the second quarter 2018 was approximately 68,000 BOE (749 BOEPD), and for the six months ended June 30, 2018 was approximately 138,000 BOE (762 BOEPD).

Evaluation of Strategic Alternatives

On July 23, 2018, Penn Virginia Corporation announced that it intends to evaluate a range of strategic alternatives to enhance shareholder value, including without limitation, a corporate sale, merger or other business combination, one or more strategic acquisitions, or other transactions.

There is no assurance that the evaluation process will result in a transaction. The Company has not set a timetable for the evaluation process, and Penn Virginia does not intend to disclose or comment on developments related to its evaluation unless the Company has determined that further disclosure is appropriate or required by law.

Second Quarter 2018 Conference Call

A conference call and webcast discussing second quarter 2018 financial and operational results is scheduled for Wednesday, August 8, 2018 at 11:00 a.m. ET. Prepared remarks will be followed by a question and answer period. Investors and analysts may participate via phone by dialing (877) 316-5288 (international: (734) 385-4977) five to 10 minutes before the scheduled start time, or via webcast by logging on to the Company’s website, www.pennvirginia.com, at least 15 minutes prior to the scheduled start time to download supporting materials and install any necessary audio software.


An on-demand replay of the webcast will be available on the Company’s website beginning shortly after the webcast. The replay will also be available from August 8, 2018 through August 15, 2018 by dialing (855) 859-2056 (international (404) 537-3406) and entering the pass code 4794718.

About Penn Virginia Corporation

Penn Virginia Corporation is a pure-play independent oil and gas company engaged in the development and production of oil, NGLs and natural gas, operating in the Eagle Ford shale in south Texas. For more information, please visit our website at www.pennvirginia.com. The information on the Company’s website is not part of this release.

Cautionary Statements Regarding Reserves

The estimates and guidance presented in this release are based on assumptions of capital expenditure levels, prices for oil, natural gas and NGLs, current indications of supply and demand for oil, well results and operating costs. IP-24 and IP-30 production rates might not be indicative of production over longer periods in the life of the well. EUR represents current estimates based on available information, speak only as of the date of publication and are subject to change. EUR does not represent guarantees of area well performance. The guidance provided in this release does not constitute any form of guarantee or assurance that the matters indicated will be achieved. While we believe these estimates and the assumptions on which they are based are reasonable, they are inherently uncertain and are subject to, among other things, significant business, economic, operational and regulatory risks and uncertainties and are subject to material revision. Actual results may differ materially from estimates and guidance.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements contained herein that are not descriptions of historical facts are “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We use words such as “guidance,” “projects,” “estimates,” “expects,” “continues,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “forecasts,” “future,” “will”, “target” and variations of such words or similar expressions in this press release to identify forward-looking statements. Because such statements include assumptions, risks, uncertainties and contingencies, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties and contingencies include, but are not limited to, the following: our ability to satisfy our short-term and long-term liquidity needs, including our ability to generate sufficient cash flows from operations or to obtain adequate financing to fund our capital expenditures and meet working capital needs; negative events or publicity adversely affecting our ability to maintain our relationships with our suppliers, service providers, customers, employees, and other third parties; plans, objectives, expectations and intentions contained in this press release that are not historical; our ability to execute our business plan in volatile and depressed commodity price environments; any decline in and volatility of commodity prices for oil, NGLs, and natural gas; our anticipated production and development results; our ability to develop, explore for, acquire and replace oil and natural gas reserves and sustain production; our ability to generate profits or achieve targeted reserves in our development and exploratory drilling and well operations; any impairments, write-downs or write-offs of our reserves or assets; the projected demand for and supply of oil, NGLs and natural gas; our ability to contract for drilling rigs, frac crews, supplies and services at


reasonable costs; our ability to obtain adequate pipeline transportation capacity for our oil and gas production at reasonable cost and to sell the production at, or at reasonable discounts to, market prices; the uncertainties inherent in projecting future rates of production for our wells and the extent to which actual production differs from that estimated in our proved oil and natural gas reserves; drilling and operating risks; concentration of assets; our ability to compete effectively against other oil and gas companies; leasehold terms expiring before production can be established and our ability to replace expired leases; costs or results of any strategic initiatives; environmental obligations, results of new drilling activities, locations and methods, costs and liabilities that are not covered by an effective indemnity or insurance; the timing of receipt of necessary regulatory permits; the effect of commodity and financial derivative arrangements, and counterparty risk related to the ability of parties to these arrangements to meet their future obligations; the occurrence of unusual weather or operating conditions, including force majeure events and hurricanes; our ability to retain or attract senior management and key employees; compliance with and changes in governmental regulations or enforcement practices, especially with respect to environmental, health and safety matters; physical, electronic and cybersecurity breaches; litigation that impacts us, our assets or our midstream service providers; uncertainties relating to general domestic and international economic and political conditions; the impact of our review of strategic alternatives; and other risks set forth in our filings with the SEC. Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found in our press releases and public filings with the SEC. Many of the factors that will determine our future results are beyond the ability of management to control or predict. In addition, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s views only as of the date hereof. The statements in this release speak only as of the date of this release. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, or to make any other forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required by applicable law.

 

  (1)

Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

  (2)

Adjusted EBITDAX is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

  (3)

Realized cash operating margin per BOE is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

  (4)

Adjusted direct operating expenses per BOE is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

  (5)

Adjusted Cash G&A is a non-GAAP financial measure. Definitions of non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to the closest GAAP-based financial measures appear at the end of this release.

  (6)

Assumes mid-point of guidance.


PENN VIRGINIA CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

and SELECTED OPERATING STATISTICS - unaudited

(in thousands, except per share, production and price data)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 

Revenues

          

Crude oil

   $ 101,716     $ 71,258     $ 32,351     $ 172,974     $ 62,424  

Natural gas liquids (NGLs) (1)

     5,533       2,946       2,043       8,479       4,345  

Natural gas

     3,912       2,790       1,880       6,702       4,223  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total product revenues

     111,161       76,994       36,274       188,155       70,992  

Gain (loss) on sales of assets, net

     4       75       (134     79       (69

Other revenues, net

     415       142       142       557       345  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     111,580       77,211       36,282       188,791       71,268  

Operating expenses

          

Lease operating

     8,730       7,296       5,370       16,026       10,286  

Gathering, processing and transportation (1)

     4,574       3,359       2,555       7,933       5,106  

Production and ad valorem taxes

     5,795       4,092       2,119       9,887       4,098  

General and administrative

     4,447       4,895       2,854       9,342       6,115  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total direct operating expenses

     23,546       19,642       12,898       43,188       25,605  

Share-based compensation - equity classified awards

     875       1,576       848       2,451       1,694  

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     31,273       22,081       11,076       53,354       20,886  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     55,694       43,299       24,822       98,993       48,185  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     55,886       33,912       11,460       89,798       23,083  

Other income (expense)

          

Interest expense, net

     (6,150     (4,601     (1,274     (10,751     (1,812

Derivatives

     (52,241     (18,795     11,061       (71,036     28,077  

Other, net

     (16     (58     82       (74     62  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (2,521     10,458       21,329       7,937       49,410  

Income tax expense

     —         (163     —         (163     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ (2,521   $ 10,295     $ 21,329     $ 7,774     $ 49,410  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share:

          

Basic

   $ (0.17   $ 0.68     $ 1.42     $ 0.52     $ 3.30  

Diluted

   $ (0.17   $ 0.68     $ 1.42     $ 0.51     $ 3.27  

Weighted average shares outstanding:

          

Basic

     15,058       15,042       14,992       15,050       14,992  

Diluted

     15,058       15,081       15,050       15,171       15,097  
                                          
     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 

Production

          

Crude oil (MBbls)

     1,498       1,127       685       2,625       1,293  

NGLs (MBbls)

     269       164       131       434       250  

Natural gas (MMcf)

     1,515       971       653       2,486       1,418  

Total (MBOE)

     2,020       1,453       925       3,473       1,779  

Average daily production (BOEPD)

     22,200       16,145       10,159       19,189       9,829  

Prices

          

Crude oil ($ per Bbl)

   $ 67.89     $ 63.23     $ 47.25     $ 65.89     $ 48.29  

NGLs ($ per Bbl) (1)

   $ 20.54     $ 17.94     $ 15.59     $ 19.56     $ 17.38  

Natural gas ($ per Mcf)

   $ 2.58     $ 2.87     $ 2.88     $ 2.70     $ 2.98  

Aggregate ($ per BOE)

   $ 55.02     $ 52.99     $ 39.24     $ 54.17     $ 39.90  

Prices - Adjusted for derivative settlements

          

Crude oil ($ per Bbl)

   $ 59.61     $ 56.51     $ 46.57     $ 58.28     $ 46.39  

NGLs ($ per Bbl) (1)

   $ 20.54     $ 17.94     $ 15.59     $ 19.56     $ 17.38  

Natural gas ($ per Mcf)

   $ 2.58     $ 2.87     $ 2.88     $ 2.70     $ 2.98  

Aggregate ($ per BOE)

   $ 48.89     $ 47.77     $ 38.73     $ 48.42     $ 38.52  

 

(1) 

NGL revenues for the periods in 2018 are presented net of processing costs. Such costs are included in Gathering, processing and transportation expense in the periods ended in 2017.


PENN VIRGINIA CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS - unaudited

(in thousands)

 

     June 30,
2018
     December 31,
2017
 

Assets

     

Current assets

   $ 88,320      $ 87,088  

Net property and equipment

     791,624        529,059  

Other assets

     7,790        13,450  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 887,734      $ 629,597  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

     

Current liabilities

   $ 191,239      $ 123,958  

Other liabilities

     35,059        18,733  

Total long-term debt, net

     432,824        265,267  

Total shareholders’ equity

     228,612        221,639  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 887,734      $ 629,597  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - unaudited

(in thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 

Cash flows from operating activities

          

Net income (loss)

   $ (2,521   $ 10,295     $ 21,329     $ 7,774     $ 49,410  

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

          

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     31,273       22,081       11,076       53,354       20,886  

Derivative contracts:

          

Net losses (gains)

     52,241       18,795       (11,061     71,036       (28,077

Cash settlements, net

     (12,401     (7,576     (466     (19,977     (2,458

Deferred income tax expense

     —         163       —         163       —    

(Gain) loss on sales of assets, net

     (4     (75     134       (79     69  

Non-cash interest expense

     848       796       800       1,644       988  

Share-based compensation (equity-classified)

     875       1,576       848       2,451       1,694  

Other, net

     13       13       20       26       38  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

     11,412       (7,386     4,195       4,026       (6,533
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     81,736       38,682       26,875       120,418       36,017  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

          

Acquisitions, net

     (3,497     (83,338     —         (86,835     —    

Capital expenditures

     (123,511     (77,839     (25,842     (201,350     (43,583

Proceeds from sales of assets, net

     974       1,551       —         2,525       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (126,034     (159,626     (25,842     (285,660     (43,583
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

          

Proceeds from credit facility borrowings

     48,500       118,000       7,000       166,500       14,000  

Repayment of credit facility borrowings

     —         —         —         —         (2,000

Debt issuance costs paid

     —         (754     (1,090     (754     (1,090

Proceeds received from rights offering, net

     —         —         55       —         55  

Other, net

     —         —         (25     —         (55
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     48,500       117,246       5,940       165,746       10,910  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     4,202       (3,698     6,973       504       3,344  

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period

     7,319       11,017       3,132       11,017       6,761  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period

   $ 11,521     $ 7,319     $ 10,105     $ 11,521     $ 10,105  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 


PENN VIRGINIA CORPORATION

CERTAIN NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES - unaudited

(in thousands, except per unit amounts)

Readers are reminded that non-GAAP measures are merely a supplement to, and not a replacement for, or superior to financial measures prepared according to GAAP. They should be evaluated in conjunction with the GAAP financial measures. It should be noted as well that our non-GAAP information may be different from the non-GAAP information provided by other companies.

Reconciliation of GAAP “Net income (loss)” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted net income”

Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP financial measure that represents net income (loss) adjusted to exclude the effects, net of income taxes, of non-cash changes in the fair value of derivatives, net gains and losses on the sales of assets, acquisition and divestiture transaction costs, executive retirement costs and restructuring expenses. We believe that Non-GAAP adjusted net income and non-GAAP adjusted net income per share amounts provide meaningful supplemental information regarding our operational performance. This information facilitates management’s internal comparisons to the Company’s historical operating results as well as to the operating results of our competitors. Since management finds this measure to be useful, the Company believes that our investors can benefit by evaluating both non-GAAP and GAAP results. Adjusted net income non-GAAP is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as a measure of liquidity or as an alternative to net income (loss).

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 
     (in thousands, except per share amounts)  

Net income (loss)

   $ (2,521   $ 10,295     $ 21,329     $ 7,774     $ 49,410  

Adjustments for derivatives:

          

Net losses (gains)

     52,241       18,795       (11,061     71,036       (28,077

Cash settlements, net

     (12,401     (7,576     (466     (19,977     (2,458

(Gain) loss on sales of assets, net

     (4     (75     134       (79     69  

Acquisition and divestiture transaction costs

     56       431       —         487       —    

Executive retirement costs

     —         250       —         250       —    

Restructuring expenses

     —         —         —         —         (20

Impact of adjustment on income taxes

     —         163       —         163       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted net income

   $ 37,371     $ 22,283     $ 9,936     $ 59,654     $ 18,924  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss), per diluted share

   $ (0.17   $ 0.68     $ 1.42     $ 0.51     $ 3.27  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted net income, per diluted share

   $ 2.46     $ 1.48     $ 0.66     $ 3.93     $ 1.25  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reconciliation of GAAP “Net income (loss)” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted EBITDAX”

Adjusted EBITDAX represents net income (loss) before interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation, depletion and amortization expense and share-based compensation expense, further adjusted to exclude the effects of gains and losses on sales of assets, non-cash changes in the fair value of derivatives, and special items including acquisition and divestiture transaction costs, executive retirement costs and restructuring expenses. We believe this presentation is commonly used by investors and professional research analysts for the valuation, comparison, rating, and investment recommendations of companies within the oil and gas exploration and production industry. We use this information for comparative purposes within our industry. Adjusted EBITDAX is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as a measure of liquidity or as an alternative to net income (loss). Adjusted EBITDAX as defined by Penn Virginia may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and should be considered in conjunction with net income (loss) and other measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income or cash flows from operating activities. Adjusted EBITDAX should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for an analysis of Penn Virginia's results as reported under GAAP.

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 
     (in thousands, except per unit amounts)  

Net income (loss)

   $ (2,521   $ 10,295     $ 21,329     $ 7,774     $ 49,410  

Adjustments to reconcile to Adjusted EBITDAX:

          

Interest expense, net

     6,150       4,601       1,274       10,751       1,812  

Income tax expense

     —         163       —         163       —    

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     31,273       22,081       11,076       53,354       20,886  

Share-based compensation expense (equity-classified)

     875       1,576       848       2,451       1,694  

(Gain) loss on sales of assets, net

     (4     (75     134       (79     69  

Adjustments for derivatives:

          

Net losses (gains)

     52,241       18,795       (11,061     71,036       (28,077

Cash settlements, net

     (12,401     (7,576     (466     (19,977     (2,458

Adjustment for special items:

          

Acquisition and divestiture transaction costs

     56       431       —         487       —    

Executive retirement costs

     —         250       —         250       —    

Restructuring expenses

     —         —         —         —         (20
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAX

   $ 75,669     $ 50,541     $ 23,134     $ 126,210     $ 43,316  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAX per BOE

   $ 37.46     $ 34.78     $ 25.02     $ 36.34     $ 24.35  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 


Reconciliation of GAAP “Income (loss) before income taxes” to Non-GAAP “Realized cash operating margin and cash operating margin per BOE”

Realized cash operating margin and realized cash operating margin per BOE are a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes certain non-recurring expenses, certain non-operating items and non-cash expenses. We believe that the non-GAAP measure of realized cash operating margin per BOE is useful to investors because it provides readers with a meaningful measure of our operating profitability and provides for greater comparability period-over-period.

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 
     (in thousands, except per unit amounts)  

Income (loss) before income taxes

   $ (2,521   $ 10,458     $ 21,329     $ 7,937     $ 49,410  

Plus:

          

Interest expense, net

     6,150       4,601       1,274       10,751       1,812  

Derivatives

     52,241       18,795       (11,061     71,036       (28,077

Other, net

     16       58       (82     74       (62

Share-based compensation - equity classified awards

     875       1,576       848       2,451       1,694  

Acquisition and divestiture transaction costs

     56       431       —         487       —    

Executive retirement costs

     —         250       —         250       —    

Restructuring expenses

     —         —         —         —         (20

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     31,273       22,081       11,076       53,354       20,886  

Less:

          

(Gain) loss on sales of assets, net

     (4     (75     134       (79     69  

Other revenues, net

     (415     (142     (142     (557     (345
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP Realized cash operating margin

   $ 87,671     $ 58,033     $ 23,376     $ 145,704     $ 45,367  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP Realized cash operating margin per BOE

   $ 43.39     $ 39.94     $ 25.28     $ 41.95     $ 25.50  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reconciliation of GAAP “Operating expenses” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted direct operating expenses and Adjusted direct operating expenses per BOE”

Adjusted total direct operating expenses and adjusted total direct operating expenses per BOE are a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes certain non-recurring expenses and non-cash expenses. We believe that the non-GAAP measure of Adjusted total direct operating expense per BOE is useful to investors because it provides readers with a meaningful measure of our cost profile and provides for greater comparability period-over-period.

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 
     (in thousands, except per unit amounts)  

Operating expenses

   $ 55,694     $ 43,299     $ 24,822     $ 98,993     $ 48,185  

Less:

          

Share-based compensation - equity-classified awards

     (875     (1,576     (848     (2,451     (1,694

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

     (31,273     (22,081     (11,076     (53,354     (20,886

Significant special charges:

          

Acquisition and divestiture transaction costs

     (56     (431     —         (487     —    

Executive retirement costs

     —         (250     —         (250     —    

Restructuring expenses

     —         —         —         —         20  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP Adjusted direct operating expenses

   $ 23,490     $ 18,961     $ 12,898     $ 42,451     $ 25,625  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP Adjusted direct operating expenses per BOE

   $ 11.63     $ 13.05     $ 13.95     $ 12.22     $ 14.40  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reconciliation of GAAP “General administrative expenses” to Non-GAAP “Adjusted cash-based general and administrative expenses”

Adjusted cash-based general and administrative expense (“Adjusted cash G&A”) is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that excludes certain non-recurring expenses and non-cash share-based compensation expense. We believe that the non-GAAP measure of Adjusted cash G&A is useful to investors because it provides readers with a meaningful measure of our recurring G&A expense and provides for greater comparability period-over-period.

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     June 30,
2018
    March 31,
2018
    June 30,
2017
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2017
 
     (in thousands, except per unit amounts)  

General and administrative expenses - direct

   $ 4,447     $ 4,895     $ 2,854     $ 9,342     $ 6,115  

Share-based compensation - equity-classified awards

     875       1,576       848       2,451       1,694  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

GAAP General and administrative expenses

     5,322       6,471       3,702       11,793       7,809  

Less: Share-based compensation - equity-classified awards

     (875     (1,576     (848     (2,451     (1,694

Significant special charges:

          

Acquisition and divestiture transaction costs

     (56     (431     —         (487     —    

Executive retirement costs

     —         (250     —         (250     —    

Restructuring expenses

     —         —         —         —         20  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted cash-based general and administrative expenses

   $ 4,391     $ 4,214     $ 2,854     $ 8,605     $ 6,135  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

GAAP General and administrative expenses per BOE

   $ 2.63     $ 4.45     $ 4.00     $ 3.40     $ 4.39  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted cash-based general and administrative expenses per BOE

   $ 2.17     $ 2.90     $ 3.09     $ 2.48     $ 3.45