Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Fair Value Measurements

v3.6.0.2
Fair Value Measurements
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements
15.
Fair Value Measurements
We apply the authoritative accounting provisions for measuring fair value of both our financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities. Fair value is an exit price representing the expected amount we would receive upon the sale of an asset or that we would expect to pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction with market participants at the measurement date.
We use a hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs we use to measure fair value into three distinct categories based upon whether such inputs are observable in active markets or unobservable. We classify assets and liabilities in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our methodology for categorizing assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value pursuant to this hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets and the lowest level to unobservable inputs as outlined below.
Fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities. Level 1 inputs generally provide the most reliable evidence of fair value.
Level 2: Quoted prices in markets that are not active or inputs, which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3: Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).
Our financial instruments that are subject to fair value disclosure consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, derivatives and long-term debt. As of December 31, 2016, the carrying values of all of these financial instruments approximated fair value.
The following table summarizes the fair value of our long-term debt with fixed interest rates, which is estimated based on the published market prices for these debt obligations as of the dates presented:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Value
Senior Notes due 2019 1
$

 
$

 
 
$
40,830

 
$
300,000

Senior Notes due 2020 1

 

 
 
125,473

 
775,000

 
$

 
$

 
 
$
166,303

 
$
1,075,000

____________________ 
1 The Senior Notes were canceled upon our emergence from bankruptcy.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
Certain financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The following tables summarize the valuation of those assets and (liabilities) as of the dates presented:
 
 
Successor
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
Fair Value
 
Fair Value Measurement Classification
Description
 
Measurement
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Commodity derivative liabilities – current
 
$
(12,932
)
 
$

 
$
(12,932
)
 
$

Commodity derivative liabilities – noncurrent
 
(14,437
)
 

 
(14,437
)
 

 
 
Predecessor
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
Fair Value
 
Fair Value Measurement Classification
Description
 
Measurement
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Commodity derivative assets – current
 
$
97,956

 
$

 
$
97,956

 
$

Assets of the SERP
 
4,123

 
4,123

 

 

Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Deferred compensation – SERP obligation
 
(4,125
)
 
(4,125
)
 

 


Changes in economic conditions or model-based valuation techniques may require the transfer of financial instruments from one level of the fair value hierarchy to another level. In such instances, the transfer is deemed to have occurred at the beginning of the quarterly period in which the event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer occurred. There were no transfers during any period in the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014.
We used the following methods and assumptions to estimate fair values for the financial assets and liabilities described below:
Commodity derivatives: We determine the fair values of our commodity derivative instruments based on discounted cash flows derived from third-party quoted forward prices for West Texas Intermediate crude oil and NYMEX Henry Hub gas closing prices as of the end of the reporting periods. We generally use the income approach, using valuation techniques that convert future cash flows to a single discounted value. Each of these is a level 2 input.
Assets of SERP: During the Predecessor periods, we held various publicly traded equity securities in a Rabbi Trust as assets for funding certain deferred compensation obligations. The fair values were based on quoted market prices, which were level 1 inputs.
Deferred compensation - SERP obligations: Certain of our deferred compensation obligations in the Predecessor periods were ultimately to be settled in cash based on the underlying fair value of certain assets, including those held in the Rabbi Trust. The fair values were based on quoted market prices, which were level 1 inputs.
Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The most significant non-recurring fair value measurements utilized in the preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements are those attributable to the recognition and measurement of the Successor’s net assets with respect to the application of Fresh Start Accounting. Those measurements are more fully described in Note 5. In addition, we utilize non-recurring fair value measurements with respect to the recognition and measurement of asset impairments, particularly during our Predecessor periods during which time we applied the successful efforts method to our oil and gas properties, as well as the initial determination of AROs associated with the ongoing development of new oil and gas properties.
The factors used to determine fair value for purposes of recognizing and measuring asset impairments while we applied the successful efforts method to our oil and gas properties during our Predecessor periods included, but were not limited to, estimates of proved and risk-adjusted probable reserves, future commodity prices, indicative sales prices for properties, the timing of future production and capital expenditures and a discount rate commensurate with the risk reflective of the lives remaining for the respective oil and gas properties. Because these significant fair value inputs were typically not observable, we have categorized the amounts as level 3 inputs. Under the full cost method, which we have applied since the Effective Date, we apply a ceiling test determination utilizing prescribed procedures as described in Note 3. The full cost method is substantially different from the successful efforts method which relies upon fair value measurements.
The determination of the fair value of AROs is based upon regional market and facility specific information. The amount
of an ARO and the costs capitalized represent the estimated future cost to satisfy the abandonment obligation using current
prices that are escalated by an assumed inflation factor after discounting the future cost back to the date that the abandonment
obligation was incurred using a rate commensurate with the risk, which approximates our cost of funds. Because these
significant fair value inputs are typically not observable, we have categorized the initial estimates as level 3 inputs.