Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Derivative Instruments

v3.6.0.2
Derivative Instruments
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
Derivative Instruments
Derivative Instruments
We utilize derivative instruments to mitigate our financial exposure to crude oil and natural gas price volatility. Our derivative instruments are not formally designated as hedges in the context of U.S. GAAP.
Commodity Derivatives
We typically utilize collars, swaps and swaptions, which are placed with financial institutions that we believe are acceptable credit risks, to hedge against the variability in cash flows associated with anticipated sales of our future oil and gas production. While the use of derivative instruments limits the risk of adverse price movements, such use may also limit future revenues from favorable price movements. 
The counterparty to a collar or swap contract is required to make a payment to us if the settlement price for any settlement period is below the floor or swap price for such contract. We are required to make a payment to the counterparty if the settlement price for any settlement period is above the ceiling or swap price for such contract. Neither party is required to make a payment to the other party if the settlement price for any settlement period is equal to or greater than the floor price and equal to or less than the ceiling price for such collar contract.
We determine the fair values of our commodity derivative instruments based on discounted cash flows derived from third-party quoted forward prices for NYMEX Henry Hub gas and West Texas Intermediate crude oil closing prices as of the end of the reporting period. The discounted cash flows utilize discount rates adjusted for the credit risk of our counterparties if the derivative is in an asset position, and our own credit risk if the derivative is in a liability position.
We terminated all of our pre-petition derivative contracts from March 2016 through May 2016 for $63.0 million and reduced our amounts outstanding under the RBL by $52.0 million. In connection with these transactions, the counterparties to the derivative contracts, which were also affiliates of lenders under the RBL, transferred the cash proceeds that were used for RBL repayments directly to the administrative agent under the RBL. Accordingly, all of these RBL repayments have been presented as non-cash financing activities in our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the period January 1, 2016 through September 12, 2016.
On May 13, 2016, the Bankruptcy Court approved our motion to enter into new commodity derivative contracts. Accordingly, we hedged a substantial portion of our future crude oil production through the end of 2019, as required in the RSA, at a weighted-average price of approximately $49.12 per barrel. We are currently unhedged with respect to natural gas as well as NGL production.
The following table sets forth our commodity derivative positions as of December 31, 2016:
 
 
 
Average
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Volume Per
 
Weighted Average Price
 
Fair Value
 
Instrument
 
Day
 
Floor/Swap
 
Ceiling
 
Asset
 
Liability
Crude Oil:
 
 
(barrels)
 
($/barrel)
 
 
 
 
First quarter 2017
Swaps
 
4,408

 
$
48.62

 

 
$

 
$
2,454

Second quarter 2017
Swaps
 
4,408

 
$
48.62

 

 

 
3,110

Third quarter 2017
Swaps
 
4,408

 
$
48.62

 

 

 
3,290

Fourth quarter 2017
Swaps
 
4,408

 
$
48.62

 

 

 
3,260

First quarter 2018
Swaps
 
3,476

 
$
49.12

 

 

 
2,267

Second quarter 2018
Swaps
 
3,476

 
$
49.12

 

 

 
2,193

Third quarter 2018
Swaps
 
3,476

 
$
49.12

 

 

 
2,140

Fourth quarter 2018
Swaps
 
3,476

 
$
49.12

 

 

 
2,091

First quarter 2019
Swaps
 
2,916

 
$
49.90

 

 

 
1,471

Second quarter 2019
Swaps
 
2,916

 
$
49.90

 

 

 
1,438

Third quarter 2019
Swaps
 
2,916

 
$
49.90

 

 

 
1,423

Fourth quarter 2019
Swaps
 
2,916

 
$
49.90

 

 

 
1,414

Settlements to be paid in subsequent period
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
818


Financial Statement Impact of Derivatives
The impact of our derivatives activities on income is included in the “Derivatives” caption on our Consolidated Statements of Operations. The following table summarizes the effects of our derivative activities for the periods presented:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Period From September 13, 2016
 
 
Period From January 1, 2016
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Through December 31, 2016
 
 
Through September 12, 2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative gains (losses)
$
(16,622
)
 
 
$
(8,333
)
 
$
71,247

 
$
162,212


The effects of derivative gains and (losses) and cash settlements (except for those cash settlements attributable to the aforementioned termination transactions) are reported as adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities. These items are recorded in the “Derivative contracts” section of our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows under the “Net losses (gains)” and “Cash settlements, net.”
The following table summarizes the fair value of our derivative instruments, as well as the locations of these instruments, on our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of the dates presented:
 
 
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
 
 
 
Fair Values
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
Derivative
 
Derivative
 
 
Derivative
 
Derivative
Type
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
 
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
Commodity contracts
 
Derivative assets/liabilities – current
 
$

 
$
12,932

 
 
$
97,956

 
$

Commodity contracts
 
Derivative assets/liabilities – noncurrent
 

 
14,437

 
 

 

 
 
 
 
$

 
$
27,369

 
 
$
97,956

 
$


As of December 31, 2016, we reported a commodity derivative liability of $27.4 million. The net and gross amounts for our derivative assets and liabilities are the same for both periods presented above. The contracts associated with this position are with three counterparties, all of which are investment grade financial institutions. This concentration may impact our overall credit risk, either positively or negatively, in that these counterparties may be similarly affected by changes in economic or other conditions. We have neither paid to, nor received from, our counterparties any cash collateral in connection with our derivative positions. Furthermore, our derivative contracts are not subject to margin calls or similar accelerations. No significant uncertainties exist related to the collectability of amounts that may be owed to us by these counterparties.